Nutrition‎ > ‎

Vitamins & Minerals

Vitamins & Minerals

Vitamins are organic compounds with no caloric value, but are used to help regulate metabolic reactions in the body. They cannot be synthesized by the body and therefore must be obtained through the diet or supplementation. Vitamins can be divided into two specific groups, water-soluble and fat-soluble. The water-soluble vitamins (B complex, C, and the bio-flavonoids) are absorbed directly into the blood stream and are not stored in the body. For this reason it is important to replenish them daily. The fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) require fats/oil to be absorbed. When too many fat-soluble vitamins get stored there is a potential for toxicity. Therefore it is crucial not to “megadose” with vitamins A, D, E, and K.

Minerals are simple chemical elements that also cannot be synthesized by the body. There are sixteen different minerals, some are major (if your body requires 100 mg/day or more), and some are trace (required intake under 100 mg/day). They are used as non-protein substances to assist enzymes in their functions, and serve as building materials for bones, teeth, tissue, muscle, blood, and nerve cells.